is the process of gradual transfer of an applied load from the pore
water to the soil structure as pore water is squeezed out of the voids.
The amount of water that escapes depends on the size of the load and
compressibility of the soil. The rate at which it escapes depends on the
coefficient of permeability, thickness, and compressibility of the soil.
The rate and amount of consolidation with load are usually determined in
the laboratory by the one-dimensional consolidation test. In this test,
a laterally confined soil is subjected to successively increased
vertical pressure, allowing free drainage from the top and bottom
apparatus should consist of the following:
for Preparing Specimens.
‘sensitive to 0.1 g and 0.01 g
thermometer,, range 0 to 50 C, accurate to
Data Sheets [right-click | "save target
as" Excel 2000]
Al-Khafaji & Andersland (1992), pages
Lambe (1951), 74-87.