King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Civil Engineering Department





Instructor:      Dr. Muhammad H. Al-Malack

Office:             16 – 275

Phone:             4735



Textbook:       Sawyer, McCarty, and Parkin, “Chemistry for Environmental Engineering”

Lab handouts will be handed out during lab time


1. Basic Concepts from General Chemistry (3 weeks)

Concentrations and units

The gas Laws

Oxidation numbers

Oxidation – reduction equations

Activity coefficients



2. Basic Concepts from Physical Chemistry (2 week)


Membrane processes

Solvent extraction


Chemical kinetics



3. Basic Concepts from Equilibrium Chemistry (5 weeks)

Ion activities

Solution to equilibrium problems

Acids, bases, and buffers

Complex formation

Solubility of salts

Oxidation – reduction reactions


4. Basic Concepts from Organic Chemistry (3 weeks).

Major compound types

Fate of organic compounds in natural systems


5. Basic Concepts from Biochemistry (1 week)

Compound types

Redox processes

Energetics and growth

Novel bio-transformations


6. Basic Concepts from Colloid and Nuclear Chemistry (2 weeks)

The basics of charged interfaces

Use of special radio-isotopes in chemistry



Laboratory Work

1. Examination of Water and Wastewater Samples (6 weeks)

  • Preparation of standard solutions
  • pH
  • Turbidity and suspended solids (SS)
  • Conductivity and total dissolved solids (TDS)
  • Chlorides and sulfates
  • Alkalinity and Hardness
  • Chlorine
  • Specific ion electrodes
  • Nitrogen compounds
  • Spectrophotometer uses
  • Phosphate analysis
  • Dissolved oxygen
  • Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5)
  • Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
  • Total organic carbon (TOC)
  • Oil and Grease
  • Phenol


2. Analysis of trace heavy metals in soils by extraction using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) (2 weeks)


3. Analysis of Oil and Grease in water and soil samples by extraction (2 weeks)


4. Oxidation of phenol in an electrochemical cell (2 week)


5. Adsorption of organic compounds on activated carbon (2 week)


Field Visits

Field visits to water and wastewater treatment facilities will be arranged.


Grade Distribution

              Major Exam                                                            25%

              Final Exam                                                              25%

              Lab Reports                                                            25%

              Assignments                                                           15%

              Term Paper                                                             10%