unleashed a devastating tsunami that travelled thousands of
kilometres across the Indian Ocean, taking the lives of nearly
300,000 people in countries as far apart as Indonesia, the
Maldives, Sri Lanka and Somalia.
southern Africa the worst drought in
more than a decade is destroying crops,
pushing up food prices and leaving millions
in need of food aid.
The deadliest tornado in history tears
through Bangladesh. 1,300 people die, 50,000 left homeless.
Hurricane Gilbert produces winds as
high as 160 mph, killing 318 people and devastating Jamaica.
At Mount St. Helens, a
moderate earthquake caused roughly 1.7 cubic miles of rocks
and mud to break free and slide down the side of the volcano.
58 people were killed in this landslide.
The largest ever earthquake is
measured in Chile. At 9.5, it reaches the maximum value on the
Richter scale. More than 2,000 are killed, 3,000 injured and 2
million made homeless.
China's Yellow River breaks its banks
and causes flooding, leading to the deaths of 1 million
The Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia
erupts, sending dust 17 miles up into the atmosphere.