# QUESTIONS ON QIBLA DIRECTION

Updated on August 26, 1998

Question 1: What is correct Qibla direction from North America, North-east or South-east? Some people show on the flat map that Qibla should be South-east.

Answer 1: Earth is NOT flat as some people still believe. Those people are ignorant. No one can give them knowledge except Allah. But those who ponder on observations have clearly seen that the earth is approximately round. Earth's shadow on moon is visible at Moon Eclipse, and it is always round. Other proofs of roundness are observations when a sailing away ship is seen on the horizon for a distance and then vanishes slowly going below horizon, etc.
For Qibla direction, when people debate the direction for North America as being North-east or South-east, the answer is simple that let us forget for a moment, whether the earth is round or flat, and let us put any calculations aside also. It is a fact that the sun comes approximately overhead above Ka'bah on two dates every year. Read about it on my Qibla direction page
And you will understand the correct direction of Qibla, without going into the debate of round or flat earth, and whatever method of calculations are used. In short, Qibla from North America in general is North-east, except on North-west corner of USA and Alaska where Qibla is almost North.

Question 2: Could you please give me the Qibla for the following cities in New Zealand : Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Hamilton, Nelson, Palmerston, Palmerston North, and Wellington. (M.R.R., New Zealand, Nov 20,1997)

```Answer 2:
AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND   Latitude=36:55S   Longitude=174:47E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH = 98:54 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =118:28 W

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND  Latitude=43:33S  Longitude=172:40E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =104:07 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =127:30 W

DUNEDIN, NEW ZEALND   Latitude=45:52S   Longitude=170:30E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =104:24 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =129:04 W

HAMILTON, NEW ZEALAND   Latitude=37:46S   Longitude=175:18E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =100:14 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =120:12 W

PALMERSTON, NEW ZEALAND   Latitude=45:30S   Longitude=170:42E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =104:15 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =128:43 W

PALMERSTON NORTH, NEW ZEALAND  Latitude=40:20S  Longitude=175:39E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =103:21 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =124:57 W

WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND   Latitude=41:17S   Longitude=174:47E
QIBLA FROM TRUE NORTH =103:38 W	QIBLA FROM MAGNETIC NORTH =125:46 W
```

Question 3: Assuming you depart Mecca heading west 'exactly west' the Qiblah is excactly East. Correct? The answer must be YES. Now if we keep going west we pass over Africa then the Atlantic ocean then we arrive at Florida. We as I said still moving just west. Does'nt it make sense in this case for Qibla to be EAST. (Dec 5,1997)

Answer 3: No, my dear brother. If you keep on going exactly west, you will eventually come to India. Would you still face East? No because from India, Muslims face West. So, Qibla can not be deduced from how you travel. The best way to understand is, that we know that two times a year, the sun comes exactly over Ka'aba at Makkah noon time on May 28, and July 16. If you can see the sun at those two dates at Makkah noon time converted to your local time, you will actually be seeing a very high minaret if there were any, over kabah. Wouldn't you face towards it? This observation has been made by Muslims all over the world and that is the correct direction of Qibla. Observation like this from Nova Scotia has been made and confirmed that Qibla from there is North-East. May Allah help you understand and search for the truth, without any bias.

Question 4: What is the importance of the Magnetic North Pole and the True North Pole. Which one is the one that marks the North of the globe that we have at schools. (Jan 31,1998)

Answer 4: True North Pole is the top of the Globe. Magnetic North is the direction where a magnetic needle would point if it is pivotted freely, because it aligns with magnetic field inside the earth. This pole of magnetic field differs from True North by several degrees at some locations (e.g. in Alaska it differs by 16 to 34 degrees)

Question 5: If Vancouver, Canada, is point A on the surface of the earth and Mecca is point B. Leaving the orientation of the earth as we know it with the North Pole in place and the South Pole in place, the East and the West, what is the direction of the line A to B that goes straight through the earth (not on the surface). (using the North, South, East and West orientation), and why. (Jan 31,1998)

Answer 5: The line straight through the earth is not the line, we are looking for Qibla. When you want to face East, you are not facing a line, but you are facing a vertical plane that contains a straight line inside the earth to Ka'bah. So, for a direction, you never face a line, you face a plane. Now the plane that would contain the line that you defined, inside the earth, is the plane that has a direction of 16:41East from True North (North Pole of the Globe) for Vancouver to Mecca. However, if you measure the angle from magnetic compass, it should be 3:09East from Magnetic North.

Question 6: My problem is that, most of the mosque here in Montreal pray at 320grad from North. I have a booklet that I bought from Medinah in 1992 which says 270grad from North and which seems logical geographically if seen from the map. Since all muslims here pray at 320grad I also pray in the same direction. What do you know about this matter. Please guide me in this regard. (Aug 26, 1998)