Prediction of the Start of Month of Muharram 1428 Hejriah

 

The Calculations are done for the Longitude and Latitude of

Makkah AlMukarramah Area and the times are for the Local Time of Saudi Arabia

 

 Makkah Al-Mukarramah: Latitude = 21.45 ° N , Longitude = 39.82 ° E

Text Box: Prediction:    [ (29 Dhu Al-Hejja 1427 Hejriah,  19 January 2007)  ]

               

[ (01 Muharram      1428 Hejriah,  20 January 2007)  ]

 

New Moon of Muharram Occurs on Friday 19 January 2007 at 7:02 a.m.

 

Day

(2007)

Date

Moon

Rise

Sun

Rise

Moon 

Set

 Sun

Set

Moon altitude & azimuth at sunset

According to:

UmmUlQura

Prediction

Thu.

18 / 1

6:24

7:01

17:18

18:02

Below horizon

 28 DhuAlHejja

 28 DhuAlHejja

Fri.

19 / 1

7:16

7:01

18:23

18:02

3.6 º ,   244 º

 29 DhuAlHejja

 29 DhuAlHejja

Sat.

20 / 1

8:04

7:00

19:27

18:03

16.7 º ,  243 º

 01 Muharram

 01 Muharram

 

According to the astronomical calculations, the birth of the new moon occurs just a minute after the sunrise on Friday 19 January 2007.  Also the moon sets after the sun by about 21 minutes on that day in Makkah AlMukkaramah, Therefore according to calculations only, the last day of month of DhuAlHejja 1427 H will be on Friday 19 January 2007 where the moon sets after the sun as indicated above.  Then, astronomically (based on calculations), the first day of Muharram 1428 H will be on Saturday 20 January.  The Moon will be about 3.6 degrees above the horizon, horizontally, four degrees to the left (south) of the sun at the sunset moment, and its luminosity is about four thousands of the full moon which is below the ability and sensitivity of normal human eyes detection, which means that it will be difficult even for a well experienced crescent sighting person to detect that extremely thin crescent. But on the evening (just after the sunset) of Saturday 20 January 2007, the crescent is easily visible to the naked eyes because the age of the moon will be about 35 hours, stays about 84 minutes above the horizon, and its visible part is about 2.8 % of the full moon. For crescent sighting: provided that the sky is clear, free of clouds and dust, at the sunset, the altitude of the moon above the horizon will be about 16.7 degrees, it is about 6 degrees to left (south) of the setting sun, and the shape of the crescent moon will be slightly tilted to the left as shown in the figure.  The conclusion is that, Inn-Shaa-Allah, Saturday 20 January 2007 will be the first day of the month of Muharram 1428 H, and Allah has the knowledge (wAllahuAllam).

 

The above prediction is based on astronomical formulas and calculations and may be used for the purpose of a general guidance and one should go with the method of actual sighting of the moon, the method which, our Prophet Mohammad SallAllhuAlihiWassallam guided and ordered us to observe and follow, and Allah has the knowledge.

 

Dr. Ali Mohammad Al-Shukri,  Chairman of Physics Department,  Physics Department, KFUPM,  Box 5047,  Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia   ,   Phone: 860-2255    -    fax: 860-2293

 

email: alshukri@kfupm.edu.sa    or    c-phys@kfupm.edu.sa

Homepage: http://faculty.kfupm.edu.sa/phys/alshukri