Medical Physics
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Definition

Medical Physics uses physical tools, including optical and ionizing radiation, ultrasound, lasers, thermal and magnetic technologies, in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.  The high technology equipment used in diagnostic and therapeutic applications is often designed and maintained by medical physicists.

 

The main areas of medical physics are:

 

Radiation therapy:

Treatment of cancer with ionizing radiation

 

Diagnostic imaging:

Imaging with x rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance

 

Nuclear medicine:

Diagnostic imaging with radioisotopes

 

Health Physics:

Study of radiation hazards and radiation protection