Health and Fitness





Introduction

Introduction


physical fitness has many components, some related to general health and others related more specifically to particular sports and activities. The five components of fitness most important for health are cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition (proportion of fat to lean body mass).


Health Benefits of Exercise and Physical Activity:

  • Reduce the risk of premature death
  • Reduce the risk of developing and/or dying from heart disease
  • Reduce high blood pressure or the risk of developing high blood pressure
  • Reduce high cholesterol or the risk of developing high cholesterol
  • Reduce the risk of developing colon cancer and breast cancer
  • Reduce the risk of developing diabetes
  • Reduce or maintain body weight or body fat
  • Build and maintain healthy muscles, bones, and joints
  • Reduce depression and anxiety
  • Improve psychological well-being
  • Enhanced work, recreation, and sport performance