


Research Publications



Papers in Refereed Journals 1 M.O.Budair, M.Mahmood, M.K.Abusaleh,"
Experiments on a flat square plate at high incidence and different Reynolds
numbers", AJSE, Vol. 15, pp. 553564, 1990.
2 M.Budair," Some features of the wake of a finite circular cylinder at a low
subcritical Reynolds number", AJSE, Vol. 16, pp.397408, 1991.
3 M.Budair, A. Ayoub, K. Karamcheti," Frequency measurements in a finite
cylinder wake at a subcritical Reynolds number", AIAA Journal, Vol.29, pp.
21632168, 1991.
4 S. O. Daffuaa, A. N. Shuaib, A. Raouf, M. O. Budair, " Evaluation of
maintenance management systems", Journal of King Saud University, ( Special
Issue on Maintenance), Vol.4, pp.2943, 1992.
5 M. O. Budair, M. Najjar, K. AlQurashi, " GradepointaverageBased scheme
for tracking academic students’ performance at King Fahd University of Petroleum
& Minerals", The European Journal of Engineering Education, Vol.17, pp. 95103,
1992.
6 S. O. Daffuaa, M.O. Budair, "Optimal schedules for scale removal in heat
exchange equipment", Engineering Optimization, Vol. 21, pp. 165174, 1993.
7 S. O. Duffuaa, M. O. Budair , " Scale removal from heatexchangers: Using
energy utilization as a schedule criterion ”, Journal of Applied Energy, Vol.
47, pp. 7785, 1994.
8 M. A. Z. Hasan, M. O. Budair,” Role of splitter plates in modifying cylinder
wake flows”, AIAA Journal, Vol. 32, pp.19921998, 1994.
9 M. Sultan Khan, S. M. Zubair, M. O. Budair, A. K. Sheikh, and A. Quddus, “
Fouling resistance model for prediction of CaCo3 scaling in AISI 316 tubes”,
Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 32, pp. 7379, 1996.
10 A. K. Sheikh, S. M. Zubair, M. U. Haq, M. O. Budair, “ ReliabilityBased
maintenance strategies for heat exchangers subject to fouling”, Transactions of
the ASME, Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 118, pp. 306312, 1996.
11 M. A. L. ElShaarawi, M. O. Budair, M. S. A. AlQahtani,” Turning moment of
rotating inner cylinder in the entry region of concentric annuli”, JSME
International Journal, Series B, Vol. 40, No.1, pp.6774, 1997.
12 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar, “ A maintenance
strategy for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling: A probabilistic
approach”, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol.119, pp. 575580, 1997.
13 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. U. Haq, A. Quddus, O. A. Ashiru,
“ Statistical aspects of CaCO3 fouling in AISI 316 stainlesssteel tubes”,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 119, pp. 581588, 1997.
14 M. O. Budair, M. S. Khan, S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, A. Quddus, “ CaCO3
scaling in AISI 316 stainless steel tubes – effect of thermal and hydraulic
parameters on the induction time and growth rate ”, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.
34, pp. 163170, 1998.
15 N. Ahmed, B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Budair,” Computational study into the flow
field developed around a cascade of NACA 0012 airfoils”, Computer Methods in
Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 167, pp. 1732, 1998.
16 B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Budair, M. Naweed Ahmed,” Numerical simulation of the
flow field around a cascade of NACA 0012 airfoils  effects of solidity and
stagger”, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 158, pp.
143154, 1998.
17 S.Z.Shuja, B.S. Yilbas and M. O. Budair, “ Modeling of laser heating of
solid substance including assisting gas impingement”, Numerical Heat Transfer,
An International Journal of Computation and Methodology, Part A, Vol. 33, pp.
315339, 1998.
18 S. O.Duffuaa, M. O. Budair, “ Impact of scale buildup models on energy
utilization in heat exchangers ”, Int. J. Energy Res., Vol. 23, pp. 9991005,
1999.
19 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas and M. O. Budair, “ Natural convection in a square
cavity with a heat generating body”, Accepted in Heat and Mass Transfer, 1999.
20 B. S. Yilbas, S. Z. Shuja, and M. O. Budair,” Second law analysis of a
swirling flow in a circular duct with restriction”, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer,
Vol. 42. pp. 40274041, 1999.
21 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas and M. O. Budair,” Gas jet impingement on a
surface having a limited constant heat flux areavarious turbulence models”,
Numerical Heat Transfer, An International Journal of Computation and
Methodology, Part A, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 171, 1999.
22 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Iqbal, M. O. Budair, “Flow through a
protruding bluff body Heat and irreversibility analysis”, Accepted in Intl. J.
Exergy, 1999.
23 B. S. Yilbas, S. Z. Shuja, and M. O. Budair, ”Nanosecond pulse heating and
gas assisting jet considerations”, Intl. J. Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol.
40, pp. 10231038, 2000.
24 M. O. Budair, “ Entropy analysis of unsteady flow on flat plate”, Int. J.
Energy Res., Vol. 25, pp. 519524, 2001.
25 Syed M. Zubair, Anwar K. Sheikh, Muhammad Younas, M. O. Budair,” A risk
based heat exchanger analysis subject to fouling: Part I: Performance
evaluation”, EnergyThe International Journal, Vol. 25, pp. 427443, 2000.
26 Anwar K. Sheikh, Syed M. Zubair, Muhammad Younas, M. O. Budair,” A risk
based heat exchanger analysis subject to fouling: Part II Economics of heat
exchangers cleaning”, EnergyThe International Journal ,Vol. 25, pp. 445461,
2000.
27 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas and M. O. Budair, “ Local entropy generation in an
impinging jet: Minimum entropy concept evaluating various turbulence models”,
Accepted in The Journal CMAME, 2000.
28 M. O. Budair, “ Investigation into some aspects of fluid flow and thermal
analysis in annuli”, Int. J. Energy Res., Vol. 25, pp. 525535, 2001.
29 M. Mahmood, K. Srinivas, M. O. Budair, “ Computation of flow past a lowrise
building”, Accepted in Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 2000.
30 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Budair and I. S. Hussaini, “ Entropy
analysis of a flow past a heatgenerated bluff body”, Int. J. Energy Res., Vol.
23, pp. 11331142, 1999.
31 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas and M. O. Budair, “ Laser pulse heating of steel
surfaces including impinging gas effect and variable properties”, Accepted .in
Int. J. Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 2000.
32 M. O. Budair, A. AlQutub., “ An experimental investigation of
underexpanded super sonic jet flow impingement over an inclined plate”,
Submitted to Transaction of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space
Sciences, 2000.
33 M. S. Khan, M. O. Budair, S. M. Zubair,” A parametric study of CaCO3 scaling
in AISI 316 stainless steel tubes”, Accepted in Heat and Mass Transfer, 2000.
34 M. O. Budair, " Unsteady features of the flow around a finite circular
cylinder", In progress.
35 M. Mahmood, K. Srinivas, M. O. Budair, “ Experimental and computational
study of the flow past a lowrise building”, in progress.
Papers in Refereed Proceedings
36 M.Budair, M.Mahmood, and M.Abusaleh," Experiments on a flat square plate at
high angles of attack ", Proceedings, 2nd Saudi Engineers Conference, Vol. 3,
pp. 14931510, Nov. 1985.
37 S. Daffuaa, S. Shuaib, A. Raouf and M. O. Budair," A framework for the
evaluation of maintenance management systems ", Proceedings, Maintenance
Planning and Operation Symposium, Riyadh, King Saud University, March 1990.
38 S. Zubair, M. O. Budair, A. Alshakhs,” Effect of brine heater fouling on the
performance of multistage flash distillation plant”, Proceedings, ASME Winter
Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 813, 1992.
39 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar,” On Maintenance of
heattransfer equipments subject to fouling”, Proceedings, Fourth Saudi Eng.
Conference, Vol. IV, pp.301307, Nov.58, 1995.
40 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. U. Haq, O. A. Ashiru,”
Statistical analysis of CaCO3 scaling in heat exchanger tubes”, Proceedings of “
Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat Exchangers”, An International Conference,
pp. 287297, Begell House, Inc., 1997.
41 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair and M. A. Badar, “ A probabilistic
maintenance strategy for heat exchangers subject to fouling ”, Proceedings of “
Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat Exchangers”, An International Conference,
pp. 397406, Begell House, Inc., 1997.
42 M. S. Khan, M. O Budair, S. M. Zubair, A.Quddus, “ Some experiments on CaCO3
scaling in a double pipe heat exchanger”, Proceedings of the Second Trabzon
International and Environment Symposium, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon,
Turkey, Begell House Inc., New York, pp. 471475, 2629 July, 1998.
43 Syed M. Zubair, Anwar K. Sheikh, M. Sultan Khan and M. O. Budair, “ A
simplified probabilistic cost model for maintenance of heat exchangers subject
to fouling ”, Proceedings of an International Conference on Understanding Heat
Exchanger Fouling and its Mitigation, pp. 401408, Begell House, Inc., 1999.
44 A. K. Sheikh, S. M. Zubair, M. Younas and M. O. Budair, “ Some remarks on
the probabilistic basis for characterizing fouling data”, Proceedings of an
International Conference on Understanding Heat Exchanger Fouling and its
Mitigation, pp. 393400, Begell House, Inc., 1999.
45 A. K. Sheikh, K. M. Raza, S. M. Zubair, M. O. Budair, “ Predicting level of
fouling using neural network approach ”, to be published in Proceedings of
Engineering Foundation Conference – Mitigation of Heat Exchangers Fouling and
its Economic and Environmental Implications, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July,
1116, 1999.
46 S. M. Zubair, M. S. Khan, M. O. Budair, “ A risk based cost model of a
shellandtube heat exchanger subject to fouling ”, to be published in
Proceedings of Engineering Foundation Conference – Mitigation of Heat Exchangers
Fouling and its Economic and Environmental Implications, Banff, Alberta, Canada,
July, 1116, 1999.
47 M. O. Budair, “ Study of some aspects of oscillatory flow in pipes ”, to
appear in Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Transport
Phenomena ”, Istanbul, Turkey, July, 1620, 2000.
48 M. Mahmood, K. Srinivas, M. O. Budair, “ Laser light as a source of
illumination for flow visualization ”, to appear in Proceedings of the Twelfth
International Symposium on Transport Phenomena ”, Istanbul, Turkey, July, 1620,
2000.
49 M. Mahmood, K. Srinivas, M. O. Budair, “ Changing the suction
characteristics on the roof by modifying the roof edge design ”, to appear in
Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Transport Phenomena ”,
Istanbul, Turkey, July, 1620, 2000.
50 S. Z. Shuja, B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Budair, “ Stagnation flow over constant
heat flux surface: Various turbulence models ”, Proceedings of CSME Forum SCGM,
Vol. 1, pp. 210217, 1998.
51 B. Yilbas, S. Z. Shuja, M. O. Budair, “ Effect of velocity profiles on
stagnation flow characteristics ”, to appear in Proceedings of the Twelfth
International Symposium on Transport Phenomena ”, Istanbul, Turkey, July, 1620,
2000.
52 N. Ahmed, B. S. Yilbas, M. O. Budair, “ Simulation of leading edge rotation
of NACA 0012 airfoil to control separation ”, ASME Fluids Engineering Division
Summer Meeting, paper no. 973295, June 2226, 1997.
Refereed Research Reports
53 A. Raouf, S. Duffaa, M. O. Budair, K. A. BuBshait, Z. Ali, “ Review and
Evaluation of the Maintenance Management System for the Royal Saudi Air Force ”,
Pr. No. 26027, Research Institute, KFUPM, 1992. The report was reviewed by
international consultants to Royal Saudi Air Force.
54 Z. Khan, N. Merah, K. Mezghani, M. O. Budair, M. Younas, “ Crack Initiation
and Growth in CPVC Weld Zone ”, Pr. No. 20015, Research Institute, KFUPM, 2000.
The report was submitted to client (ARAMCO) for review.
55 S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. Younas,” A maintenance strategy
for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling ”, Pr. No. ME/FOULING/176,
Research Committee, KFUPM, 1999. The report was reviewed by international
specialists.



Citations :
S. Patel, M. A. Finan, “ New antifoulants for deposit control in MSF and MED
plants”, Desalination, Vol. 124, pp. 6374, 1999;
CITED: [paper 38]
S. Zubair, M. O. Budair, A. Alshakhs,” Effect of brine heater fouling on the
performance of multistage flash distillation plant”, Proceedings, ASME Winter
Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 813, 1992.
E. R. G. Eckert, R. J. Goldstein, W. E. Ibele, S. V. Patankar, T. W. Simon, T.
H. Kuehn, P. J. Strykowski, K. K. Tamma, A. BarCohen, J. V. R. Heberlein, J. H.
Davidson, J. Bischof, F. A. Kulacki, U. Kortshagen, S. Garrick, “ Heat transfer
– a review of 1997 literature”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,
Vol. 43, pp. 24312528, 2000;
CITED: [paper 12]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar, “ A maintenance strategy
for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling: A probabilistic approach”,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol.119, pp. 575580, 1997.
E. R. G. Eckert, R. J. Goldstein, W. E. Ibele, S. V. Patankar, T. W. Simon, T.
H. Kuehn, P. J. Strykowski, K. K. Tamma, A. BarCohen, J. V. R. Heberlein, J. H.
Davidson, J. Bischof, F. A. Kulacki, U. Kortshagen, S. Garrick, “ Heat transfer
– a review of 1997 literature”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,
Vol. 43, pp. 24312528, 2000;
CITED: [paper 13]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. U. Haq, A. Quddus, O. A. Ashiru, “
Statistical aspects of CaCO3 fouling in AISI 316 stainlesssteel tubes”, Journal
of Heat Transfer, Vol. 119, pp. 581588, 1997.
E. R. G. Eckert, R. J. Goldstein, W. E. Ibele, T. W. Simon, T. H. Kuehn, P. J.
Strykowski, K. K. Tamma, A. BarCohen, J. V. R. Heberlein, J. H. Davidson, J.
Bischof, F. A. Kulacki, U. Kortshagen, “ Heat transfer – a review of 1996
literature”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 43, pp.
24312528, 2000;
CITED: [paper 12]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar, “ A maintenance strategy
for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling: A probabilistic approach”,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol.119, pp. 575580, 1997.
E. R. G. Eckert, R. J. Goldstein, W. E. Ibele, T. W. Simon, T. H. Kuehn, P. J.
Strykowski, K. K. Tamma, A. BarCohen, J. V. R. Heberlein, J. H. Davidson, J.
Bischof, F. A. Kulacki, U. Kortshagen, “ Heat transfer – a review of 1996
literature”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 43, pp.
24312528, 2000;
CITED: [paper 13]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. U. Haq, A. Quddus, O. A. Ashiru, “
Statistical aspects of CaCO3 fouling in AISI 316 stainlesssteel tubes”, Journal
of Heat Transfer, Vol. 119, pp. 581588, 1997.
F. Smaili, D. K. Angadi, C. M. Hatch, O. Herbert, V. S. Vassiliadis, D. I.
Wilson, “ Optimization of scheduling of cleaning in heat exchanger networks
subject to fouling: Sugar industry case study”, Trans IchemE, Vol. 77, Part C,
pp. 159164, 1999;
CITED: [paper 41]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair and M. A. Badar, “ A probabilistic
maintenance strategy for heat exchangers subject to fouling ”, Proceedings of “
Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat Exchangers”, An International Conference,
pp. 397406, Begell House, Inc., 1997.
Michael C. Georgiadis, Lazaros G. Papageorgiou, Sandro Macchietto, “ Optimal
cleaning policies in heat exchanger networks under rapid fouling”, Ind. Eng.
Chem. Res. Vol. 39, pp. 441254, 2000;
CITED: [paper 10]
A. K. Sheikh, S. M. Zubair, M. U. Haq, M. O. Budair, “ ReliabilityBased
maintenance strategies for heat exchangers subject to fouling”, Transactions of
the ASME, Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 118, pp. 306312, 1996.
Michael C. Georgiadis, Lazaros G. Papageorgiou, Sandro Macchietto, “ Optimal
cleaning policies in heat exchanger networks under rapid fouling”, Ind. Eng.
Chem. Res. Vol. 39, pp. 441254, 2000;
CITED: [paper 12]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar, “ A maintenance strategy
for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling: A probabilistic approach”,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol.119, pp. 575580, 1997.
D. I. Wilson, P. I. Condron, S. G. Garrett, “ Case studies in data
reconciliation for fouling management”, Proceedings, Heat Transfer – Baltimore
1997 AIChE Symposium Series, Vol. 93, pp. 305310, 1997;
CITED: [paper 41]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair and M. A. Badar, “ A probabilistic
maintenance strategy for heat exchangers subject to fouling ”, Proceedings of “
Fouling Mitigation of Industrial Heat Exchangers”, An International Conference,
pp. 397406, Begell House, Inc., 1997.
T. R. Bott, L. F. Melo, C. B. Panchal, E. F. C. Somerscales, “ Heat Exchanger
Design Handbook”, Begell House, Inc.;
CITED: [paper 10]
A. K. Sheikh, S. M. Zubair, M. U. Haq, M. O. Budair, “ ReliabilityBased
maintenance strategies for heat exchangers subject to fouling”, Transactions of
the ASME, Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 118, pp. 306312, 1996.
F. Smaili, V. S. Vassiliadis, D. I. Wilson,” Scheduling of heat exchanger
cleaning in refinery heat exchanger networks”, Engineering Foundation Conference
– Mitigation of Heat Exchangers Fouling and its Economic and Environmental
Implications, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July, 1116, 1999;
CITED: [paper 12]
S. M. Zubair, A. K. Sheikh, M. O. Budair, M. A. Badar, “ A maintenance strategy
for heat transfer equipment subject to fouling: A probabilistic approach”,
Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol.119, pp. 575580, 1997.
T. A. Fox, C. J. Apelt, G. S. West, “ The aerodynamic disturbance caused by the
freeends of a circularcylinder immersed in a uniformflow”, Journal of Wind
Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. 49, pp. 389399, 1993;
CITED: [paper 3]
M.Budair, A. Ayoub, K. Karamcheti," Frequency measurements in a finite cylinder
wake at a subcritical Reynolds number", AIAA Journal, Vol.29, pp. 21632168,
1991. 

