All Praise and thanks be to Allah. We praise and thank him, ask Him for his help and forgiveness, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our souls and the mischief’s of our deeds. He whom Allah guides will not be misled, and he whom Allah misleads will never have a guide. I testify that there is no deity but Allah alone, without any partners, and that Muhammad is his 'Abd (worshiper) and Messenger Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam.


I dedicate this report to my parents who gave me all the support. My prayers for forgiveness, mercy for them and to reach their soul. Also to my brothers and sisters for their support as well as my best friend Muhammed Bubshait and my two daughters.

 ضحى سامي الشماع و جيهان سامي الشماع

I would like to thank King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, especially Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Department for giving me an opportunity to put my theoretical knowledge into practical application.


I express my special thanks to Dr. Mohamed Shwehdi, my teacher, who teach me this course and touch me how I think and get the knowledge properly.