MASM / TASM compatibility
Syntax of MicroAsm is fully compatible with all major assemblers including MASM and TASM; though some directives are unique to MicroAsm. If required to compile using any other assembler you may need to comment out these directives, and any other directives that start with a '#' sign:
#MAKE_COM# #MAKE_EXE# #MAKE_BIN# #MAKE_BOOT#
MicroAsm does not support the ASSUME directive, actually most programmers agree that this directive just causes some mess in your code. Manual attachment of CS:, DS:, ES: or SS: segment prefixes is preferred, and required by MicroAsm when data is in segment other then DS. For example:
MOV AX, [BX] ; same as MOV AX, DS:[BX] MOV AX, ES:[BX]
MicroAsm does not require to define segment when you compile a COM file, though MASM and TASM may require this, for example:
Entry point for COM file should always be at 0100h (first instruction after ORG 100h directive), though in MASM and TASM you may need to manually set an entry point using END directive. MicroAsm works just fine, with or without it.
In order to test the above code, save it into test.asm file (or any other) and run these commands from command prompt:
For MASM 6.0:
MASM test.asm LINK test.obj, test.com,,, /TINYFor TASM 4.1:
TASM test.asm TLINK test.obj /tWe should get test.com file (11 bytes). You can see that the disassembled code doesn't contain any directives and it is identical to code that MicroAsm produces even without all those tricky directives.
A template used by MicroAsm to create EXE files is fully compatible with MASM and TASM, just comment out #MAKE_EXE# directive to avoid Unknown character error at line 11.
EXE files produced by MASM are identical to those produced by MicroAsm. TASM does not calculate the checksum, and has slightly different EXE file structure, but it produces quite the same machine code.
Note: there are several ways to encode the same machine instructions for the 8086 CPU, so generated machine code may vary when compiled on different compilers.
MicroAsm assembler supports shorter versions of BYTE PTR and WORD PTR, these are: B. and W.
For MASM and TASM you have to replace B. and W. with BYTE PTR and WORD PTR accordingly.
LEA BX, var1 MOV WORD PTR [BX], 1234h ; works everywhere. MOV w.[BX], 1234h ; same instruction, but works in MicroAsm only. HLT var1 DB 0 var2 DB 0