King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
College of Computer Sciences and Engineering
Department of Computer Engineering
Local Area Networks, COE 441, (3-0-3)
- Instructor: Dr. Mayez Al-Mouhamed
- Office: Room 325 and Robotics Lab at Room 339, Bldg. 22
- Office hours: S.M.W 9:00-10:00 am and U.T. 10:00-11:00 am
and by appointment.
- Grading without a course project:
Exam 1: 25/100 , Exam 2:
25/100 , Homework: 10/100, and
Quiz 1 and 2 each 5/100 (TBA). Final Exam: 30/100 (scheduled by the registrar).
Grading with a course project: Exam 1: 20/100, Exam 2: 20/100,
quiz 1 and 2: each 5/100, Homework: 10/100, Project (including
presentation and report) 20/100, and Final Exam: 30/100.
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Text book: ``Local and Metropolitan Area Networks'', W. Stallings,
6th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2000.
- Attendance: attendance is required by all students.
Excuse for official authorized must be presented to the instructor
no later than one week following the absence. unexcused absences may
lead to a ``DEN'' grade.
Introduction to Local Area Networks (LANs). Classes of LANs. LAN
design issues. LAN topologies. LAN transmission media. LAN
protocols: Medium Access Control (MAC) and Logic Link Control (LLC).
LAN standards. Network software: Network operating systems; LAN
performance modeling and analysis. Internetworking: Bridges,
Routers, and Gateways. Reliability, availability, survivability, and
Prerequisite: COE 342.
- To understand the basics of Local Area Networks (LANs)
- To know the different MACs and LLCs in LANs
- Know how to interconnect different LANs
- Be able to understand the operations of a secure and reliable
- Introduction. (2 lectures)
LAN Terminology. LAN, MAN, and WANs. (Chapter 1)
- Topologies and Transmission Media. (8 Lectures)
Transmission media such as Twisted-Pair wire, Coaxial cables and its
different applications, Optical fibers and its link power budget,
Ethernet cable plant. Circuit switching, packet switching,
datagrams, and virtual circuits. LAN topologies (bus, tree, ring,
and star). Transmission medium, baseband, broadband, and optical
fiber. (Chapters 2 and 4)
- Protocol Architecture. (8 Lectures)
TCP/IP and OSI protocol architectures, logical link protocol, Medium
Access Control, Bridges and Routers, and IEEE 802 standard.
(Chapters 3 (with appendices A, B, and C) and 5 (with appendices A
- Logical Link Control. (6 Lectures)
LLC services. Link control protocol mechnisms, stop and wait,
sliding window, Go-back-N, and ARQ. LLC control. (Chapter 6 with
Appendices A, B, C, and C).
- LAN Access Techniques. (10 lectures)
Traditional LANs, variations of IEEE 802.3 (CSMA/CD), High-speed
Ethernet and G-Ethernet. Wireless LANs, Brief description of Token
Bus (IEEE 802.4), Token Ring (IEEE 802.5), Fiber Distributed Data
Interface (FDDI), and ATM. (Chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11).
- LAN Performance and Analysis. (4 lectures)
Basics of queueing theory: Queueing models, State transitions, Networks
of Queues. Throughput and delay characteristics: CSMA, CSMA/CD, Token
Ring, Token Bus. Performance comparisons (external note).
- LAN Internetworking. (5 lectures)
Interconnection Issues. Bridges: Transparent or Spanning tree
bridges, Source routing bridges. Quality of bridge services.
Routers. Gateways. Flow and congestion control (chapters 12 and 13).
- LAN Reliability and Security. (2 lectures)
Connectivity through redundancy. Reliability models and improvement
techniques. Availability. Issues of network security.
Programming assignments may be required to implement some of the various
issues that have been discussed/explained in class to emphasize practical
Simple experiments of different LAN techniques using the hardware
and software available in the departmental
computer networking laboratory.
- Design and implementation of a LAN and installing of LAN services.
- Performance evaluation of LAN access control and flow-control protocols.
- Reading, preparing, presenting, and reporting on
related issues (Wireless LANs, Gigabit Ethernet, ATM, Switching, etc.).
- Design of Client-Server programs using API programming and evaluation
of round-trip delays over different KFUPM network routes.
- Design of real-time Client-Server system for relaying of
video data over three KFUPM network routes and statistical
evaluation of delays and inter-arrival rates.
- Free project of your choice.
Sample Project Description:
Write a simple client and a server programs with a GUI for the
client in C# to evaluate the network delays. The server just runs on
a PC, listens to any client requesting connection, when such a
request is received it grant connection, wait for first message to
come, and returns the same message with its payload. The client GUI
allows the user to specify the payload in Bytes for a sequence of
packets and the number of times the message is to be sent to server.
It is run at the GUI level. It reads the times (in micro-second at
best) and store in a tabler before and after sending of each packet
to server. After completing the number of packets it uses the
packets inter-arrival time (k micros) in incrementing a memory
mem(k)=mem(k)+1, thus mem(1) through mem(max k) contains the
histogram of the packet arrival times. The GUI displays (on demand
from user) the histogram as graphics (mem(k) versus k) of
inter-arrival times of packets. We may use any graphics package.
This is very useful for finding out statistical delays at different
utilization levels and times.