King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
Department of Chemical Engineering
Kinetics and Reactor Design
Term 022, 2003
Instructor : Dr. Sulaiman S. Al-Khattaf
Bldg. 16 - Room # 246
Office Hours: SMW: 10-11 and 1:30-3:00 .
Textbook : Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fogler, H.S., 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, (1999).
References : 1. Chemical Reaction Engineering, by Levenspiel, O., 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, (1999).
Overall Course Goal: The students should be able to ……
1. Understand the concepts and principles of chemical reaction engineering and reactor design.
3. Develop and increase their lifelong learning skills in the solution of conventional industrial problems.
4. To analyze a given or a new process and reactor system through reasoning rather than memorization.
Overall Course Content :
1. Review of the concepts of reaction kinetics : 1, 3
· Classification of chemical reactions.
Definition of rate of reaction.
· The reaction rate constant. The reaction order.
Elementary reactions and molecularity.
Reversible reactions. Non elementary reactions.
2. Conversion and Reactor Sizing : 2
· The general mole balance equation.
· Continuous steady-state flow reactors.
· Industrial Reactors.
· Definition of conversion.
· Reactor design equations.
· Applications of the design equations: series/parallel connection
3. Isothermal Reactor Design : 4
Reactor sizing and design using stoichiometric table.
Design structure for isothermal reactors
Design of CSTR’s
4. Collection and Analysis of rate data : 5
· Batch Reactor Design: Constant volume, variable volume
· Batch Reactor Data.
· Differential Method of Analysis
· Integral Method of Analysis.
· Method of Initial Rates.
· Method of half Lives
· Experimental Design
5. Multiple Reactions : 6
· Conditions for maximizing the desired product in:
· The concept of fractional conversion in multiple reactions.
6. Non isothermal Reactor Design : 8
· The energy balance
Non-isothermal continuous flow reactors at steady state:
Application to the CSTR.
Adiabatic tubular reactor.
Tubular reactor with heat exchange.
· Equilibrium conversion and adiabatic temperature.
· Optimum feed temperature.
· Multiple Steady States:
The heat removed.
The heat generated.
7. Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors : 10
· Definition of catalysis and catalyst properties.
· Steps in a catalytic reaction.
· Synthesizing a rate law, mechanism and rate limiting step.
· Homework assignment will be issued periodically and will be tested on a Quiz one week after they are issued. Homework will only be collected occasionally. It will be announced in the class the homework and date of collection.
· Attendance is very important. University regulations will be applied. A maximum of 8 absences will be allowed. After that a WF grade will be issued automatically.
· Exams are OPEN TEXTBOOK ONLY.
Grading Policy :
Home work 5%
1st Major Exam 20%
2nd Major Exam 25%
Final Exam 40%
1st Major Exam Monday, April 7, 2003 (7:00-9:00 p.m)
2nd Major Exam Monday, May 19, 2003 (7:00-9:00 p.m)